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雅思阅读的同义替换形式有哪些?

2020/08/24 15:04:17 澳际教育 编辑:智文嘉 美国,澳洲,英国,加拿大,新西兰,亚洲,欧洲 浏览次数:152
​雅思阅读考核的重头戏就是同义替换.

​雅思阅读考核的重头戏就是同义替换, 出题者在这个同义替换的过程, 采取了一些不同的方式:有的时候同义替换非常刁钻刻薄,而有的时候相对较为容易。比如有时题目要求填写一个名词, 后面紧随着一个定语从句。在回原文定位的时候, 原文也是一个名词紧跟着定语从句, 从句中的词汇基本没变。 这个时候只要稍微对定语从句有所理解, 往回找一个词, 总是不难理解的!所以总结发现尤其重要,下面介绍几种常见的方式,希望对大家有所帮助。

01 词词互换

hidden=disguised=concealed=veiled隐藏的

urban=city=town=municipal城市的

dental=teeth牙齿的

fragile=delicate=feeble=vulnerable脆弱的

intense=strong=powerful=fervent强烈的

look like = resemble相似的

02 上下义词互换

题目:What type of serious climatic event, which took place in southern Rajasthan, is mentioned in the article?

原文:Their condition hasn’t been helped by recent dry spells: southern Rajasthan suffered an eight-year drought between 1996 and 2004.

03 抽象总结与具体细节的互换

题目:Stepwells had a range of functions.

原文:During their heyday, they were places of gathering, of leisure and relaxation and of worship for villagers of all but the lowest classes.

04 词与句子的互换

题目:The sense of smell may involve response to _____ which do not smell, in addition to obvious odours.

原文:Researchers have still to decide whether smell is one sense or two - one responding to odours proper and the other registering odourless chemicals in the air.

题目:The number of steps above the water level in a stepwell altered during the course of a year.

原文:When the water level was high, the user needed only to descend a few steps to reach it; when it was low, several levels would have to be negotiated.

05 正反替换

题目:Which part of some stepwells provided shade for people?

原文:Built from stone and supported by pillars, they also included pavilions that sheltered visitors from the relentless heat.

06 句子与句子互换

题目:Old, deep and very dramatic has_____ which provide a view of the steps.

原文:On the fourth side, verandas which are supported by ornate pillars overlook the steps.

题目:a ____ which beats each _______.

原文: Moreover, this invention allowed the use of a long pendulum which could beat once a second and thus led to the development of a new floor-standing case design, which became known as the grandfather clock.

题目:Odours regarded as unpleasant in certain ______ are not regarded as unpleasant in others.

原文:Odours are invested with cultural values: smells that are considered to be offensive in some cultures may be perfectly acceptable in others.

以上就是我们在阅读题目中可能遇到的常见的替换形式,大家还需要在做题时多留心总结,加深印象才能在考试中提升自己的甄别能力。


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