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托福阅读长难句解析(3)

2020/08/27 15:06:37 澳际教育 编辑:冯贝贝 美国 浏览次数:149
前两篇文章中冯老师给大家分析了两组长难句,那今天我们再来一组细细品味吧!

前两篇文章中冯老师给大家分析了两组长难句,那今天我们再来一组细细品味吧!


1. The first water craft theory about the migration was that around 11,000-12,000 years ago there was an ice-free corridor stretching from eastern Beringia to the areas of North America .

译文:关于迁徙的第一个水路理论是,大概在11000到12000年前,有一个不冻的走廊,它从白令海峡东部一直延伸到北美地区。

结构分析:that引导表语从句;around引导的时间短语可先忽略;stretching.......动名词短语做伴随状语。


2. The answer lies apparently not in the increased energy costs of exaggerated beggingsuch energy costs are small relative to the potential gain in calories— but rather in the damage that any successful cheater would do to its siblings, which share genes with one another.

译文:答案明显不在于夸张的乞讨叫声所需要的高能量消耗 ——这些能量和将要获得的能量相比是很少的——而是在于任何一个成功的欺骗者对和它有同样基因的亲缘造成的伤害。


结构分析:破折号”——“之间内容解释说明,分析时可先跳过;破折号”——“后but引出重点;that 引导的定语从句修饰damage;to后加对象;which 引导定语从句修饰its siblings。


3. Unlike short-term financial cooperation between investors for a single commercial undertaking, joint-stock companies provided permanent funding of capital by drawing on the investments of merchants and other investors who purchased shares in the company.

译文:不像与那种只为了一次商业活动而进行短期资金合作的投资方,联合股份公司,通过吸收商人和其他购买公司股票资金的投资人,提供长期的资本金。


结构分析:Unlike引导的介词短语做比较状语;for引导的介词短语表目的;by引导的介词短语表方式途径;and并列词连接merchants 以及other investors;who引导定语从句修饰other investors。


4. While these records provide broadly consistent indications that temperature variations can occur on a global scale, there are nonetheless some intriguing differences, which suggest that the pattern of temperature variations in regional climates can also differ significantly from each other.

译文:虽然这些记录提供了普遍一致的暗示:温度变化可在全球范围内发生,但是也存在一些差异,表明区域性气候温度变化的形式也是和彼此大不相同的。


结构分析:While these records provide…做让步状语从句,主句是there are nonetheless some intriguing differences; that引导同位语从句解释说明indications;which suggest that…做differences的定语从句;that.引导宾语从句,the pattern........each other做suggest的宾语。


5. The scientists concluded that green icebergs form when a two-layer block of shelf ice breaks away and capsizes (turns upside down), exposing the bubble-free shelf ice that was formed from seawater.

译文:科学家得出结论:当双层结构的冰架崩裂并且颠覆(上下颠倒),曝露出来由海水冻结形成的没有气泡的冰架时,绿色冰山就形成了。

结构分析: that引导宾语从句做concluded 的宾语;when引导状语从句;and 连接 breaks away 以及 capsizes,做a two-layer block of shelf ice的谓语;v+ing短语exposing the bubble-free shelf ice做伴随状语;that was formed from seawater做ice的定语从句。


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